What is a peer review and can one do without it?

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Are you a promising scientist who is engaged in scientific activity and you decided to publish your work in the rating periodical of Scopus?At first sight, your article is perfect and you do not doubt its success? But suddenly something happened and you were return the manuscript.Why did this happen and what is the chance to get a publication in Scopus?

 

Everything is simple.The article has not passed the stage of a peer review.And without the consent of peer reviewers scientific materials can not be be published in quality journals.What is the peer review process?

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This is the stage of evaluation of scientific materials by professionals who have experience and understand the field of research.Expert evaluation confirms the quality of the article and its compliance with the journal's requirements.This is the only and still the most objective way of selecting unique and relevant works among all  "attempts" of scientists to get into the rating of the international researchers.

 

How does a peer review in Elsevier take place?

The manuscript is checked for compliance with the main criteria – formatting and structure of research work – and if a positive reply is given, it is submitted for the first consideration to the editor-in-chief.If the requirements are not met, it is returned to the author.The editor-in-chief makes a decision on acceptance for peer review.Then the work is considered by two peer reviewers.In case of a positive evaluation of both of them the article is handed over to the editor-in-chief.If one of peer reviewers gave a negative reply, the work is evaluated by one peer reviewer, after the approval of whom the article is also handed over to the editor.He passes the article to the peer reviewer who checks the correctness of the article's translation into English (grammar and vocabulary).After that, the author makes the necessary corrections and submits the article for the second consideration to the editor-in-chief.The author either receives a refusal or a positive evaluation of four peer reviewers and acceptance for publication.
Next, for the formation of the issue the editorial board conducts a meeting, and after that you get a ready publication in Scopus (or other database where you are try to get).

 

There are different types of a peer review:

1.  Single-blind review

This is the most common case when an author does not know the name of the peer reviewer.The advantage of this variant is the inability of an author to influence on the decision of a peer reviewer.But on the other hand, anonymity allows a peer reviewer to be sometimes even "overcritical" what is not always justified.The authors also fear that the peer reviewers, who are their direct competitors in the field, can plagiarize their research and delay a peer review process for their own benefit.

 

2.Double-blind review

This variant provides that an author and a peer reviewer do not know each other.This reduces the probability of biased attitude of a peer reviewer to the author for various reasons (origin and previous jobs).However, this possibility still remains with specialists of very narrow profiles or scientists who are easy to recognize "by handwriting".Although in most cases it is an article's content, but not an author's reputation that is evaluated.

 

3.Open review

An author and a peer reviewer know each other.This can be both an advantage and a disadvantage.On the one hand, it prevents the possibility of plagiarism and unfair criticism as well as contributes to the objective evaluation.On the other hand, a peer reviewer, taking into account the status of a scientist and his position in the scientific community, can be afraid of harming himself by leaving too critical comments.And this can already no longer be a completely objective evaluation from his side.


If your article did not pass the selection of peer reviewers, it is not a sentence!We will help you find and eliminate the reason of the refusal, and then publish an article in Scopus, Web of Science or other database.
Scientific Publications-Publ.Science professionally works with peer reviewers! 

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