The importance of abstract in a scientific article

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Abstract is a short version of the article, its very brief description. With its help, one can understand what the topic of the scientific paper, it's importance and decide whether to read through the entire research. It allows to find the necessary information in search systems, characterizes the main topic, objectives, raises the problematics of the research and reveals the results. The abstract should be written in such a way that after reading, the reader will understand that it will help him solve issues in the context of his research. It plays an important part for every scientist, because it is from the abstract that the study of the article.


The abstract contains recommendations to help you understand the topic and scope of the research. It must be written in such a way that it is accessible to search engines and, with certain queries, it could easily be found by other authors. Most often, the abstract is written at the very end of the work, although it is put at the beginning of the article. It should indicate new approaches and solutions to pressing issues. The abstract is attached to the article, and is also published in print or online journals, collections of conferences, etc.

Its wordage should not exceed 500 characters with spaces, which is about 70 words, but more accurate information is to be obtained from the publisher itself, since everyone has their own requirements.


The abstract should contain the following sections:​​​​​​​​​​​​​​


​​​​​​​Relevance: at the beginning of the abstract, you need to immediately identify the importance of this topic for the scientific community and the necessity of studying it Problematics: highlight an issue existing in this research topic Solution: write ways to solve the issue, formulate a number of theoretical questions, examples of techniques, variables, etc. that were posed and applied during the research Results: designate the results obtained using the phrases "proved effective", "effectiveness was proven", etc. Conclusions: summarize how the study expanded the understanding of this topic, paved the way for new solutions and outlined the scope of implementation​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​


Rules for writing

The abstract is written in small sentences without using complex syntactic and grammatical constructions in the text, and also with minimum terms. It is necessary to operate those concepts that accurately convey the meaning and are indispensable. The text of the abstract should be clear to all readers, in particular to the specialists in the discipline in which the paper is written. If it is still unclear how to write the paper description correctly, try summarizing the content in two or three sentences, telling why this research was performed and summarizing the results. There is no need for the title, as it is already in the article. The text itself should be strict and concise, without quotes, emotional insertions and polemics with the reader. Do not include in the abstract any information that was not used in the research. Write in third person and avoid verbosity. The abstract should correspond to the text in the paper itself, and also contain a list of keywords that need to be correctly composed. Use standard phrases: “The paper considers/ presents/analyses...”, “Special attention was paid/addressed to...”, “As a result of the research...” and others.


No verbosity:

In the abstract, you should not go into too many details and figures upon describing general formulations. Exclude lists and quoting. It is worth writing in an original way, reporting on the fact of the research, which determines the text, results and conclusions. Don’t forget to mention the practicality of the results.


Translation of the abstract into English

None of the journals included in the Web of Science and Scopus lists will publish an article without an author’s abstract and keywords in English. The requirements for processing abstracts in a foreign journal are very high. For reviewers, an abstract is the source that will allow to understand what article are they about to read. They evaluate the completeness of its content, the turn of phrase, the scope, as well as informativeness, meaningfulness, correct structure, high-quality academic English, in which clichés, generally accepted in the academic world, can be used:  


It is determined…

It is analyzed…

It is given…

The method proposed…

…are discussed


Keywords and phrases:

Often the abstract and keywords are perceived as inseparable in the process of writing of a scientific article and are prepared at the same time, considering all the features and requirements. They form the semantic core, with the help of which search engines evaluate the match of content with the query. There should be up to 10 items. Keywords should not repeat the title and terminology of the abstract. It is better to select words that will denote the subject area of research, important concepts of discipline that will increase the ability to find the paper in a search engine, and it will not get lost in the flow of scientific articles, and it will be easier to find.


Meeting all these requirements, the possibility that foreign researchers can find and evaluate such an article of the scientist increases, thereby increasing the level of paper indexing in foreign databases.  


The requirements of international scientometric databases are very strict, and often the slightest inaccuracy can cause the publication to be rejected. All this leads to the fact that the scientist spends a lot of time to publish the paper, but remains unsure of the positive outcome. Therefore, it is best to entrust your research to a professional company that provides publishing services and successfully publishes articles around the world. Thus, by approaching the company "Scientific Publications - Publ.Science", each scientist will save their valuable time for scientific activity.







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